HIPAA-Basic Key Terms (Introduction)

Updated: Mar 14

HIPAA: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

Covered Entity (CE): Conducts electronic transactions with PHI ( Ex: Submits claims electronically)

PHI: Protected Health Information is any data containing at least one HIPAA identifier.

Business Associate (BA): Conducts businesses with or on behalf of a Covered Entity.

Business Associate Agreement (BAA): or Contract that outlines most importantly how confidentiality, privacy, and security of Protected Health Information (PHI) will be maintained by the BA.

A BAA or Contract, thus, is required, between a CE and a BA.

Data in motion-Examples: Data that is being transferred via emails.

Data at rest-Examples: Stored data


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